Wildlife conservation Warthogs and camels Elephant Giraffe Gerenuk Besides humanitarian interventions, WDC has assumed additional trajectory focusing on environmental conservation as a means of ensuring sustainable development in the country. The conservation program focuses on two main areas: wildlife and freshwater conservation. Somalia has one of the most diverse fauna in the African continent representing arid and semi-arid ecosystems. The collapse of the Somali State in January 1991, however, heralded unique challenges to wildlife conservation in the country. For over two decades now Somalia’s wildlife has never been protected and important habitats have been altered and overexploited by pastoralists. The prolonged civil war which has divided the country into numerous zones controlled by warlords, has given rise to an indiscriminate exploitation of natural resources. Furthermore, the country has been engulfed in wildlife trade; a reality that has affected the wellness of animals and grossly dwindled wildlife population. To reverse these challenges, WDC programs are actively protect wild animals and wild places and are proven to be both replicable and sustainable in the long term through continued community involvement. WDC has instituted a deliberate intervention encompassing research and community sensitization on the socio-economic benefits of wildlife. WDC intends to collect and collate up to date information on the status on wildlife conservation, challenges and opportunities and use the same information to propose policy interventions for the State as well as develop community awareness programs on wildlife conservation. With regard to freshwater conservation, WDC’s efforts are informed by the fact that majority of vulnerable households in Somalia depends on unhealthy freshwater ecosystems for drinking water. The water sources are regularly damaged by floods and droughts due to the climate change. As part of linking the desire to conserve freshwater sources to stability of our WASH programs, WDC conducted a research on the nexus between water, poverty and environment degradation and their long-term effect on the aforementioned WASH facilities. The findings of the study revealed that WASH services depend on the nature of the sunk aquifer and the degree of its utilization. This is because well maintained surface water sources mainly during torrential rains increases underground water levels thereby making aquifer water available for long. WDC has therefore been sensitizing its target and other benefiting communities to focus too on proper use of natural water sources as a means to achieving sustainable water supply.